When it comes to criminal defense cases, probable cause is one of the most important concepts to understand. Probable cause is defined as a reasonable belief that a crime has been committed. This belief must be based on facts and circumstances that would lead a reasonable person to believe that a crime has occurred.
Probable cause is essential in criminal defense cases because it is one of the elements that must be present in order for a search or arrest to be legal. If the police do not have probable cause to believe that a crime has been committed, then any search or arrest that is conducted may be considered illegal.
Illegal searches and arrests can lead to the suppression of evidence, which can be critical to the success of a criminal defense case. Therefore, it is important for anyone facing criminal charges to clearly understand probable cause and how it can impact their case.
If the lawyer shows that the police did not have probable cause, the charges against the client may be dropped. Alternatively, the judge may rule that the evidence obtained as a result of the illegal arrest cannot be used at trial. Either way, the defendant’s chances of a successful outcome at trial are significantly increased.
Probable Cause Vs. Reasonable Suspicion: What’s the Difference?
The terms “probable cause” and “reasonable suspicion” are often used interchangeably, but there is actually a big difference between the two. Probable cause is a much higher standard than reasonable suspicion.
Probable cause is defined as a reasonable belief that a crime has been committed. This standard is used when issuing a search warrant. It requires solid observation or information from a witness. To get a search warrant, law enforcement must go before a judge and show that there is probable cause to believe that a crime has been committed and that evidence of that crime will be found at the location to be searched.
Reasonable suspicion is a lower standard than probable cause. Reasonable suspicion is defined as a reasonable belief that a person is involved in criminal activity. This standard is used by law enforcement during investigatory stops, such as traffic stops. An officer does not need the warrant to stop a person if the officer has reasonable suspicion that the person is involved in criminal activity.
How to Challenge a Probable Cause Determination
When the police have probable cause to believe that a person has committed a crime, they can arrest that person without a warrant. However, a person arrested has the right to challenge the probable cause determination.
There are two ways to challenge a probable cause determination. The first is to file a motion to suppress evidence. This motion asks the court to throw out any evidence obtained due to the illegal arrest. The second way to challenge a probable cause determination is to file a motion to dismiss. This motion asks the court to dismiss the charges against the person because the police did not have probable cause to arrest them.
The best way to challenge a probable cause determination is to hire an experienced criminal defense attorney. An attorney will know how to properly investigate the circumstances of the arrest and challenge the evidence against you.
It is essential to understand the concept of probable cause. Probable cause is a legal standard used to determine whether or not a person can be arrested, searched, or charged with a crime. This standard is important because it protects the rights of individuals and ensures that the police do not have too much power.
If you need an attorney in St Charles, MO, look no further than Wayne. With over 40 years of experience, Wayne is dedicated to providing his clients with the best possible outcome for their cases. Contact Wayne today to get started on your case.